HNV Farmland in Maramures (Romania)

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Galaţi (Romania)

High Nature Value farmland: Case study report

Galati (Romania)

Galaţi county, with an area of 4466 km², is located on the south-eastern border of Romania, bounded by the river Prut and Moldova on the east and by the Danube to the south. The county is low lying, and is made up of the floodplains of the Danube and of two of its tributaries, the Prut and the Siret, and by the intervening rolling hills.

Both the dry sandy soils of the hills and, since a huge programme of drainage and reclamation in Communist times, the wet floodplain zones are dominated by arable farming, sometimes in association with intensive indoor livestock rearing. Galati, then, is a county where HNV farmland is limited. Type 1 HNV is made up of pasture land which for some reason has not been improved – patches of grassland on sandy slopes prone to erosion or on small undrained areas of floodplain. Less intensive mosaics (Type 2 HNV farmland) is also found around the villages; production here is destined mostly for household or local consumption.

A major issue in the county was the identification of HNV farmland, since the maps provided at EU level concentrate mostly on grasslands, while Type 2 farmland is also very significant in this area. The anomalous Type 3 was discussed, but the link between some of the bird species of European conservation concern present and the intensive farmland was not clear.

A second issue was the availability of RDP support to the livestock farmers who much of the HNV farmland, and all of the grasslands. Neither the LFA scheme nor agri-environment schemes targeted at HNV farmland were available to them at the time of the workshop. What is the balance to be struck between efficiently targeting at large contiguous areas of HNV farmland on the one hand and ensuring that HNV farmland is not abandoned completely in areas where its extent is more limited?

Some key messages:

  • Type 2 farmland should not be the HNV poor relation; the interaction with the difficult issues surrounding the future of small farmers is key but they cannot be ignored for ever
  • Farming systems and farm economies work at the farm scale – targeting support at delimited regions miss this point and can weaken HNV farms in the areas where they are least common.

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Workshop agenda

Workshop presentations


 
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European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism
Online: http://www.efncp.org/projects/hnv-bulgaria-romania/galati/
Date: 2017/04/30
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