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Publications

EFNCP publications 1991 - 2009

In addition to the newsletter La Cañada, publications arising from the work of the Forum from 1991-2009 include (in reverse chronological order):

2009

2008

2007

  • Cooper, T., Arblaster, K., Baldock, D., Farmer, M., Beaufoy, G., Jones, G., Poux. X., McCracken, D., Bignal, E., Elbersen, B., Wascher, D., Angelstam, P., Roberge J-M., Pointereau, P., Seffer, J. & Galvanek, D. 2007. HNV Indicators for Evaluation: Final report for DG Agriculture. Contract notice 2006-G4-04. Institute for European Environmental Policy. (Download)

  • Dannebeck, S., Hoppe, A., Küster, H. & McCracken, D.I. (2007) Factors affecting cultural landscapes: an overview. In: Cultural landscapes in Europe: fields of Demeter, haunts of PAN, eds. K. Kryzwinksi, M. O’Connel & H. Küster. Aschenbeck & Holstein, Delmenhorst, Germany.

  • Luick, R., Muhar, A., Wrbka, T. & McCracken, D.I. (2007) Large-scale sustainable development of diverse Cultural Landscape Ecosystems in Europe. In: Cultural landscapes in Europe: fields of Demeter, haunts of PAN, eds. K. Kryzwinksi, M. O’Connel & H. Küster. Aschenbeck & Holstein, Delmenhorst, Germany.

  • Luick, R. (2007) The Black Forest, Germany: a mid-altitude central European landscape. In: Cultural landscapes in Europe: fields of Demeter, haunts of PAN, eds. K. Kryzwinksi, M. O’Connel & H. Küster. Aschenbeck & Holstein, Delmenhorst, Germany.

  • Luick, R. (2007) Sheep-grazing systems in the Jura uplands, Cental Europe. In: Cultural landscapes in Europe: fields of Demeter, haunts of PAN, eds. K. Kryzwinksi, M. O’Connel & H. Küster. Aschenbeck & Holstein, Delmenhorst, Germany.

  • McCracken, D.I. (2007) The New Forest, southern England. In: Cultural landscapes in Europe: fields of Demeter, haunts of PAN, eds. K. Kryzwinksi, M. O’Connel & H. Küster. Aschenbeck & Holstein, Delmenhorst, Germany.

  • McCracken, D.I. (2007) The Breckland of East Anglia. In: Cultural landscapes in Europe: fields of Demeter, haunts of PAN, eds. K. Kryzwinksi, M. O’Connel & H. Küster. Aschenbeck & Holstein, Delmenhorst, Germany.

  • McCracken, D.I. & Bignal, E.M. (2007) The Isle of Islay, western Scotland. In: Cultural landscapes in Europe: fields of Demeter, haunts of PAN, eds. K. Kryzwinksi, M. O’Connel & H. Küster. Aschenbeck & Holstein, Delmenhorst, Germany.

2006

  • Biber, J.P. 2006 Review of the literature on pastoral economics and marketing: Europe. Report prepared for the World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism, IUCN EARO. (Download)

  • De Rijck, K. & Kazakova, Y. 2006 High Nature Value farming in the EECCA countries: Final report of workshop held 16-17 November 2006, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova. WWF-Danube Carpathian Programme, Sofia. (Download)

  • De Rijck, K. & Erg, B. 2006 High Nature Value farming in the western Balkans: Final report of workshop held 2-3 February 2006, Belgrade. WWF-Danube Carpathian Programme, Sofia. (Download)

  • Poux, X. Beaufoy, G., Bigbal, E., Hadjigeorgiou, I., Ramain, B. & Susmel, P. 2006 Study on environmental consequences of sheep and goat farming and of the sheep and goat premium scheme. Contract no. 30-CE-0042768/00-19. Directorate-General for Agriculture & Rural Development. European Commission, Brussels. (Download)

2005

  • Bignal, E., Jones, G. & McCracken, D. 2005 The nature of Irish farming: High Nature Value farmland in Ireland. The Heritage Council, Kilkenny, Ireland. (Download)

2004

  • Bignal, E., Jones, DG, Kearney, B and O'Leary T 2004 Assessing the potential impact on the Natural Heritage of the Mid-Term Review of the CAP. Draft Final Report to the Irish Heritage Council,. Kilkenny, Ireland. (Download)

  • Bunce, R.G.H., Pérez Soba, M., Jongman, R.H.G., Gómez Sal, A. & Austad, I. 2004 Transhumance and biodiversity in European mountains. International Association for Landscape Ecology, Wageningen, The Netherlands. 307 pp

  • McCracken, D.I. 2004 Farmland and high nature value areas. Chapter prepared for ECNC/ETC/NPB input to European Environment Agency sub-report on Halting Biodiversity Loss. 18 pp

2003

  • Anderson, E, Baldock, D., Bennett, H., Beaufoy, G., Bignal. E., Brouwer, F., Elbersen, B., Eiden, G., Godeschalk, F., Jones, G., McCracken, D.I., Nieuwenhuizen, W., van Eupen, M., Hennekens, S. & Zerva, G. 2003 Developing a high nature value farmland indicator. Report for the European Environment Agency, Copenhagen.

  • Beaufoy, G., Guttenstein, E., Bignal, E. & Jones, G. 2003 2003 Reform of the CAP: A Long Term Perspective for Sustainable Agriculture. Stichting Natuur en Milieu, WWF and the European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism. (Download)

  • Jones, D.G.L., Bignal, E., Lysaght, L., Baldock, D. & Phelan, J. 2003 A review of the CAP Rural Development Plan 2000-2006: implications for natural heritage. Dublin, The Heritage Council. (Download)

  • PASTORAL 2003 An introduction to European pastoralism. PASTORAL Project Information Note 1. 4 pp. (Download)

  • PASTORAL 2003 The need for a typology of European pastoral systems PASTORAL Project Information Note 2. 5 pp. (Download)

  • PASTORAL 2003 The nature of European pastoralism PASTORAL Project Information Note 3. 6 pp. (Download)

  • PASTORAL 2003 Examples of European pastoral systems PASTORAL Project Information Note 4. 9 pp. (Download)

  • PASTORAL 2003 Trends and threats to the viability of European pastoral systems PASTORAL Project Information Note 5. 6 pp. (Download)

  • PASTORAL 2003 Potential policy approaches to support European pastoralism PASTORAL Project Information Note 6. 5 pp. (Download)

  • PASTORAL 2003 Gaps in the understanding of European pastoralism PASTORAL Project Information Note 7. 5 pp. (Download)

  • PASTORAL 2003 European pastoralism: farming with nature PASTORAL Project Information Note 8. 8 pp. (Download)

2001

  • Bignal, E.M., Jones, G.,& McCracken, D.I. 2001 Comment: future directions in agriculture policy and nature conservation. British Wildlife 13 16-20.

  • EFNCP 2001 Recognising European pastoral farming systems and understanding their ecology: a necessity for appropriate conservation and rural development policies. (EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 23) January 2001

2000

  • Bignal, E.M. & McCracken, D.I. 2000 The nature conservation value of European traditional farming systems. Environmental Reviews 8 149-171

  • CEAS/EFNCP 2000 The environmental impact of dairy production in the EU: practical options for the improvement of the environmental impact. Commissioned report to DG Environment (Download)

  • EFNCP/ARPA 2000 The environmental impact of olive oil production in the EU: practical options for improving the environmental impact. Commissioned report to DG Environment (Download)

  • Hindmarch, C. & Pienkowski, M.W. 2000 Land management: the hidden costs. Blackwell Science for the British Ecological Society, London. (Download)

1999

  • Bignal, E.M. 1999. Agenda 2000: the Common Agricultural Policy reform proposals. British Wildlife, 10: 172-176.

  • Bignal, E.M.. 1999 The agri-environment challenge: agriculture and environmental interactions. Commissioned report for DG Agriculture

  • Bignal, E.M., McCracken, D.I. & MacKay, A. 1999 The economics and ecology of extensively reared Highland Cattle in the Scottish LFA: an example of a self-sustaining livestock system. In: Livestock Production in the European LFAs: Meeting Future Economic, Environmental and Policy Objectives Through Integrated Research, eds. J.P. Laker & J.A. Milne, 145-154. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of the LSIRD Network, Bray, Dublin, Ireland. Macaulay Land Use Research Institute, Aberdeen.

  • Bignal, E.M. & Pienkowski, M.W. 1999. Metapopulation dynamics and grazing systems: the nature conservation importance of management using natural processes in a cultural landscape (the Scottish Highlands and Islands). (Paper presented at a symposium on Landscape effects of different farming systems at the 5th World Congress of the International Association for Landscape Ecology, Snowmass Village, Colorado, U.S.A., 29 July to 3 August 1999). EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 22.

  • McCracken, D.I. & Liro, A. 1999 Workshop 1: identifying and categorising high nature conservation farmland and farming systems. In: Managing High-Nature-Conservation-Value Farmland: Policies and Practices, eds. M.W. Pienkowski & D.G. Jones, 146-149. European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, Isle of Islay, Argyll.

  • Pienkowski, M.W. (ed.) 1999. Conservation of biodiversity by supporting high-nature-value farming systems (Symposium organised by the European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism at the International Congress of Ecology, Florence July 1998. Proceedings published in Journal of Applied Ecology 35 (1998): 948-990; and summary to be published in the Congress proceedings.) EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 20.

  • Pienkowski, M.W. & Bignal, E.M. 1999. The historical and contemporary importance of herbivores for biodiversity. (Paper presented at a symposium Préserver la biodiversité par le pâturage extensif, organised by the Fédération des Parcs Naturels Régionaux de France, at Paris - La Villette, France, 23 June 1999.) EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 21.

  • Pienkowski, M.W. & Jones, D.G.L. (eds) 1999. Managing high-nature-conservation-value farmland: policies, processes and practices (Proceedings of the Sixth European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism 6 - 10 June 1998 Luhacovice, Bile Karpaty, Czech Republic). European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, Islay.

1998

  • Beaufoy, G. 1998. The Reform of the CAP Olive-Oil Regime: What are the Implications for the Environment?. (EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 14). February 1998.

  • Beaufoy, G. 1998. The EU Habitats Directive in Spain: can it contribute effectively to the conservation of extensive agro-ecosystems. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35: 974-978.

  • Bignal, E.M. 1998. Conservation of biodiversity by supporting high-nature-value farming systems. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35: 949-954.

  • Bignal, E. 1998. Low-Intensity Livestock Systems: Defining Ecological Attributes: paper presented at The European Policy Evaluation Network (ELPEN) Workshop 1, Institute of Mountain and Rural Economics, Greece, 22-24 January 1998 (EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 15). January 1998.

  • Bignal, E. (ed.) 1998. La nature de l’agriculture: Les systèmes d’agriculture à grande valeur naturelle – L’agriculture extensive dans neuf pays européens. European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, in association with the Institute for European Environmental Policy, February 1988.

  • Bignal, E., McCracken, D. & MacKay, A. 1998. The economics and ecology of extensively reared Highland Cattle in the Scottish LFA: an example of a self-sustaining livestock system. (Paper presented at a conference on Livestock Production in the European LFAs organised as part of the programme European Network for Livestock Systems and Integrated Rural Development at Bray, Ireland, on 3-5 December 1998.) (EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 19). (Download)

  • Goss, S., Bignal, E. & Pienkowski, M. (eds) 1998. Agenda 2000 and Prospects for the Environment: report of the seminar organised by the European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism at COPA, Brussels on 3 February 1998. EFNCP Occasional Publication 16.

  • Jones, G., Bignal, E. & McCracken, D. 1998 Ecological effects of changes in mixed farming on the Hebridean island of Tiree (Scotland) between 1960 and 1997. (Reprinted from Mixed farming systems in Europe: workshop proceedings, Dronten, The Netherlands, 25-28 May 1998, eds. H. Van Keulen, E.A. Lantinga & H.H. Van Laar. 1998. APMinderhoudhoeve-reeks nr. 2 (1998), Landbouwuniversiteit Wageningen, pp. 53-60) EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 18.

  • Luick, R. 1998. Ecological and socio-economic implications for livestock-keeping systems on extensive grasslands in south-western Germany. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35: 979-982.

  • McCracken, D.I. & Bignal, E.M. 1998 Applying the results of ecological studies to land-use policies and practices. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35, 961-967

  • McCracken, D.I., Pienkowski, M.W., Bignal, E.M., Baldock, D., Tubbs, C., Yellachich, N., Corrie, H. & van Dijk, G. 1998 The importance of livestock farming for nature conservation. In: Mountain livestock farming and EU policy development, eds. A. Poole, M.W. Pienkowski, D.I. McCracken, F. Petretti, C. Bredy & C. Deffeyes, 19-28. European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, Isle of Islay, Argyll.

  • Ovenden, G.N., Swash, A.R.H. and Smallshire, D. 1998. Agri-environment schemes and their contribution to the conservation of biodiversity in England. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35: 955-960.

  • Ostermann, O.P. 1998. The need for management of nature conservation sites designated under Natura 2000. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35: 968-973.

  • Pienkowski, M. 1998. The nature conservation value of low-intensity farming systems. (Paper presented at the Workshop on Viable livestock systems for positive environmental management organised as part of the programme European Network for Livestock Systems and Integrated Rural Development at Tour du Valat, Camargue, France, on 6-7 March 1998) EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 17. (Download)

  • Pienkowski, M.W. & McCracken, D.I. 1998 European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism: report on developments and activities since the Forum’s meeting in 1994. In: Mountain livestock farming and EU policy development, eds. A. Poole, F. Petretti, M.W. Pienkowski, D.I. McCracken, F. Petretti, C. Bredy & C. Deffeyes, 14-18. European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, Isle of Islay, Argyll.

  • Poole, A., Pienkowski, M., McCracken, D.I., Petretti, F., Brédy, C. & Deffeyes, C. 1998. Mountain livestock farming and EU policy development (Proceedings of the Fifth European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, 18-21 September 1996, Cogne, Valle d’Aosta, Italy). European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism. Islay.

  • Webb, N.R. 1998 The traditional management of European heathlands. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35:987-990.

  • Zervas, G. 1998. Quantifying and optimising grazing regimes in Greek mountain systems. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35: 983-986.

1997

  • Beaufoy, G. 1997. Environmental Considerations for the Reform of the CAP Olive Oil Regime. (EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 3). January 1997. (Download)

  • Bignal, E., Bignal, S. & McCracken, D. 1997. The Social Life of the Chough. British Wildlife 8(6) 373-383. August 1997.

  • Goss, S., Bignal, E., Beaufoy, G. & Bannister, N. 1997. Possible Options for the Better Integration of Environmental Concerns into the Various Systems of Support for Animal Products. Report to the European Commission DG XI by CEAS Consultants (Wye) Ltd Centre for European Agricultural Studies and the European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism (EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 9). March 1997. (Download)

  • Jones, G. 1997. Report of a Study Tour by a group from the Argyll Region of Scotland to the Basque Country. (EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 13). November 1997. (Download)

  • Pain, D.J., Hill, D.A. & McCracken, D.I. 1997 Impact of agricultural intensification of pastoral systems on bird distributions in Britain 1970-1990. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 64 19-32

  • Mitchell, K., Hart, L., Baldock, D. & Partridge, K. (eds) 1997. Agriculture and Nature Conservation in central and eastern European countries: Proceedings of a seminar held at Debe, Poland, 12-14 May 1996. Institute for European Environmental Policy, London.

  • Tubbs, C. 1997. The Ecology of Pastoralism in the New Forest. British Wildlife 9(1) 7-16. October 1997.

  • Tubbs, C. 1997. A Vision for Rural Europe, reprinted from British Wildlife 9(2) 79-85. December 1997.

1996

  • Bignal, E.M. & McCracken, D.I. 1996. Low-intensity farming systems in the conservation of the countryside. Journal of Applied Ecology, 33, 413-424.

  • Bignal, E.M. & McCracken, D.I. 1996 The ecological resources of European farmland. In: The European environment and CAP reform: policies and prospects for conservation, ed. M. Whitby, 26-42. Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International, Wallingford.

  • Bignal, E., Baldock, D. & Tubbs, C. 1996. The EU’s Agri-Environment Regulation No. 2078/92: Examples of Environmental Benefits. (EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 8). September 1996. (Download)

  • Bignal, E., Eden, P. & Viera, M. 1996. Report of a Visit by a Group from the Highlands and Islands of Scotland to the Alentejo Region of Portugal. (EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 2). January 1996. (Download)

  • Mitchell, K. (ed.) 1996. The Common Agricultural Policy and Environmental Practices (Proceedings of the seminar organised by the European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism at COPA, Brussels on 29 January 1996.) (EFNCP Occasional Publication Number 1)

  • Pienkowski, M.W., Bignal, E.M., Galbraith, C.A., McCracken, D.I., Stillman, R.A., Boobyer, M.G. & Curtis, D.J. 1996. A simplified classification of land-type zones to assist the integration of biodiversity objectives in land-use policies. Biological Conservation 75 11-25.

  • Tubbs, C. 1996 Wilderness or Cultural Landscapes: Conflicting Conservation Philosophies. British Wildlife 7(5) 290-296. June 1996

The Forum was established as a organisation in its own right during 1995. Prior to this, many relevant concerns and issues were raised through the activities of a number of its Founder Members while they were employed by the UK Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Indeed, the European Forum on Nature Conservation & Pastoralism initially referred simply to a JNCC-supported Forum of interested individuals who met at a conference every two years and who kept in touch in the interim through the use of a newsletter.

1995

  • Bignal, E.M. & McCracken, D.I. 1995 Workshop: low-intensity farming systems in the conservation of the countryside. In: Proceedings of the National Trust Centenary Countryside Conference, 25-28 September 1995, ed. M. Liniado, 30. The National Trust, Cirencester.

  • Bignal, E.M., McCracken, D.I. & Corrie, H. 1995. Defining European extensive farming systems: the nature of farming. In: Farming on the edge: the nature of traditional farmland in Europe, eds. D.I. McCracken, E.M. Bignal & S.E. Wenlock, 29-37. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough.

  • McCracken, D.I., Bignal, E.M. & Wenlock, S.E. eds. 1995. Farming on the edge: the nature of traditional farmland in Europe. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough. 216 pp.

1994

  • Beaufoy, G., Baldock, D. and Clark, J. 1994 The Nature of Farming: Low-Intensity Farming Systems in Nine European Countries. Institute for European Environmental Policy, London 66pp. (Download)

  • Bignal, E.M., McCracken, D.I. & Curtis, D.J. eds. 1994. Nature conservation and pastoralism in Europe. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough. 156 pp.

  • Bignal, E.M., McCracken, D.I., Pienkowski, M.W. & Branson, A. 1994. The nature of farming: traditional low intensity farming and its importance for wildlife. World Wide Fund for Nature International, Brussels. 8 pp.

  • Curtis, D.J., Bignal, E.M. & Moos, C.J. 1994 Habitat-types, land-classes and the implications of scale. Nature Conservation and Pastoralism in Europe, eds E.M. Bignal, D.I. McCracken & D.J. Curtis, pp. 96-103. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough.

  • McCracken, D.I., Stillman, R.A., Bignal, E.M., Baldock, D. & Beaufoy, G. 1994. Extensive farmland in Europe: examples of sustainable landscapes of high nature conservation value. In: Fragmentation in agricultural landscapes, ed. J.W. Dover, 38-45. International Association for Landscape Ecology, Preston.

  • McCracken, D.I. & Bignal, E.M. 1994. Introduction, overview and recommendations. In: Nature conservation and pastoralism in Europe, eds. E.M. Bignal, D.I. McCracken & D.J. Curtis, 1-8. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough.

1992

  • Bignal, E.M. & McCracken, D.I. 1992. Prospects for nature conservation in European pastoral farming systems. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough. 8 pp.

1991

  • Curtis, D.J. and Bignal, E.M. 1991 The Conservation Role of Pastoral Agriculture in Europe. Scottish Chough Study Group, Argyll, 8pp.

  • Curtis, D.J., Bignal, E.M. and Curtis, M.A. (eds) 1991 Birds and Pastoral Agriculture in Europe. Scottish Chough Study Group, Argyll and Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, 137pp.

  • Curtis, D.J., Bignal, E.M., Drewitt, A., Moos, C.J. & Wilson, M.J. 1991 Agricultural use, vegetation and bird assemblages in low-intensity agricultural land in northern England. Birds and Pastoral Agriculture in Europe, eds D.J. Curtis, E.M. Bignal & M.A. Curtis, pp. 80-91. Scottish Chough Study Group, Argyll and Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough.

  • Wilson. M.J., Bignal, E.M., Curtis, D.J., Drewitt, A.J. & Moos, C.J. 1991 The extent and distribution of low-intensity agricultural land in Britain. Birds and Pastoral Agriculture in Europe, eds D.J. Curtis, E.M. Bignal & M.A. Curtis, pp. 25-31. Scottish Chough Study Group, Argyll and Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough


 
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