The Romanian Carpathian Mountains
High summer pastures
Livestock are moved off the smallholding in the summer months to allow hay to grow. In Moeciu de Sus, the lack of pasture in the immediate vicinity of the village necessitates the short-distance transhumance or pendulation (as it is known by Romanian academics) of flocks and herds to one of four upland pastures or to one of several lowland pastures. Livestock are communally herded on these pastures by shepherds specifically employed for this purpose.